It is true that people may dispute an accusation, however, that is not always the case. Depending on the context and the relationship between the accuser and the accused, the accused may not dispute the accusation. For example, if a parent accuses their child of lying, the child might be more likely to accept the accusation rather than dispute it. In this case, the accuser would not need to be prepared to “commit or retreat” from the accusation.

The same could be true for an accusation made in a professional setting. If a boss accuses an employee of making an error, the employee might accept the accusation without disputing it, either out of respect for their superior or out of fear of repercussions. Again, the accuser would not be expected to commit or retreat from the accusation.

Additionally, if the accusation is not made in the heat of the moment, but rather is well-considered, a person may not dispute the charge as they may have already accepted it as true. They may choose to remain silent or offer an apology or acknowledgement of guilt.

Therefore, it is not always the case that an accuser should be prepared to commit or retreat from their claim the minute they level their charge. The response of the accused may depend on the context and the relationship between the accuser and the accused.